Periodontology

“The most innovative procedures for oral health care and for the improvement of the aesthetics of the gums.”

The periodontal disease is a pathology of the tissues which surround the tooth: the gums and the bone. The disease begins with the inflammation of the gums (gingivitis) and, in time, it progresses towards the root of the tooth, destroying the ligament, which unites the tooth to the bone, and the bone. In advanced cases, the tooth can loose all the supporting bone and, therefore, the tooth can be lost.

The cause of a periodontal disease are bacteria found in the plaque. Therefore, careful daily tooth brushing and the use of dental floss to eliminate the plaque, is very important. If the plaque is not removed, it hardens and it becomes tartar.

The first phase of the periodontal disease is called gingivitis. This is an inflammation with swelling of the gums, which turn a redder colour and bleed readily. This problem is easily resolved with a professional dental cleaning and a good oral hygiene. If the gingivitis is not treated, it will progress into an initial phase of periodontitis, with bone destruction as a consequence. If it is not treated, it will progress and lead to increasing bone loss until it reaches more advanced stages with a marked tooth mobility and suppuration. The final consequence is the loss of the teeth.

Periodontitis can be treated by eliminating the infection. Root scaling and root planning are done to eliminate tartar. Sometimes, a surgical intervention is needed to expose the roots in order to facilitate the elimination of tartar or calculus. Sometimes it is also recommended to carry out microbiological tests to prescribe an antimicrobial treatment to control the infection.

Periodontology also includes treatments of the gums in order to improve the aesthetic appearance, such as correction of a gummy smile (when you show more gums than what is considered aesthetic when you smile), or root coverage (cover roots when the gums have disappeared).

Periodontitis can be treated eliminating the infection. Root scaling and root planning are done to eliminate tartar. Sometimes, a surgical intervention is needed to expose the roots in order to facilitate the elimination of tartar or calculus. Also, sometimes, it is recommended to carry out microbiological tests to prescribe an antimicrobial treatment in order to control the infection.

Periodontics also includes aesthetic treatments of the gums in order to improve the aesthetic appearance, such as the correction of a gummy smile (when you show more gums than what is considered aesthetic when you smile), or root coverage (cover roots when the gums has disappeared).